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Overview of the Orange-Senqu River Basin

The geography of the Orange-Senqu River basin is highly variable, from the mountainous terrain of the Kingdom of Lesotho, through the semi-arid and arid landscapes of South Africa’s Karoo and Richtersveld, to the deserts of southern Namibia.

The total Orange-Senqu River basin extends over four countries, Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, and South Africa, and covers an area of 1 000 000 km². 64.2% (642 000 km²) of the basin falls within South Africa, 24.5% (245 000 km²) in Namibia, 7.9% (79 000 km²) in Botswana and 3.4% (34 000 km²) in Lesotho (ORASECOM 2007). The basin incorporates the central part of South Africa, which represents nearly half of the surface area of the RSA, the whole of Lesotho (where the main river is known as the Senqu), reaches to the southern part of Botswana, and drains most of the southern half of Namibia.

The Orange-Senqu River basin

The main geographical regions covered by the Orange-Senqu River basin are (DWAF 2005):

  • Maluti Drakensberg Mountains
  • Highveld
  • Nama Karoo
  • Southern Kalahari
  • Namaqua Highlands
  • Southern Namib desert

For More information, please refer to the Orange-Senqu River Awareness Kit

The Vaal River, South Africa.
Source: Shodan 2006
( click to enlarge )

Block A, 66 Corporate Park, Cnr Von Willich & Lenchen Streets, Centurion, Gauteng, South Africa
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